John O. Marsh Military secretary die Va. He was 92.
John O. Marsh Jr., a former conservative Democratic congressman from Virginia who labored as a White Home adviser to a few Republican presidents and have become the nation’s longest-serving secretary of the Military within the 1980s, died on Monday in Raphine, Va. He was 92.
Mr. Marsh had a stroke two weeks in the past and died of issues of congestive coronary heart failure at an assisted residing facility, the place he had lived lately, his son Scot stated.
Folksy and self-effacing, Mr. Marsh favored to name himself a plain lawyer from Virginia’s Shenandoah apple nation. However to many who knew him as Richard M. Nixon’s assistant protection secretary for legislative affairs, Gerald R. Ford’s counsel with cupboard rank and Ronald Reagan’s Military secretary and particular operations adviser, he was a grasp of navy and political affairs.
Within the Washington sport of musical chairs, Mr. Marsh’s titles and duties shifted within the 1960s and ′70s as he moved nearer to the facilities of energy and reached the White Home, the place Republican patrons enlisted his experience and counted on his discretion. There was at all times extra to Mr. Marsh than appeared obvious
He was elected to 4 phrases within the Home of Representatives (1963-71) as a Democrat. He was additionally a protégé of Senator Harry F. Byrd, an ardent segregationist whose Democratic machine had dominated Virginia’s conservative politics for many years. Just like the senator, Mr. Marsh had a voting report, which included opposing assist to schooling and medical look after the aged financed by Social Safety, to this point to the correct that the liberal Individuals for Democratic Motion rated him zero.
However within the Home, Mr. Marsh made highly effective associates: Ford, the Republican minority chief. and Donald H. Rumsfeld, Ford’s future White Home chief of employees and protection secretary. Each valued his navy savvy and firsthand Military expertise.
Straight out of highschool, Mr. Marsh enlisted within the Military over the past 12 months of World Conflict II, and after graduating from Officer Candidate Faculty he served as a lieutenant with American occupation forces in postwar Germany. He later, educated as a paratrooper within the Military Nationwide Guard, and in 1966 he volunteered for a month of energetic obligation as a fight infantry officer within the Vietnam Conflict, with out telling fellow troopers that he was a congressman.
Mr. Marsh was named President Nixon’s assistant secretary of protection for legislative affairs in March 1973. Ten months later, after Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigned in a tax-evasion scandal and was changed by Consultant Ford, the brand new vp appointed Mr. Marsh his assistant for nationwide safety affairs.
Later in 1974, after Nixon resigned within the Watergate scandal and Ford grew to become president, Mr. Marsh was one among his 4 senior aides who guided a wobbly White Home in transition to a brand new administration — one with out secret tape recorders within the Oval Workplace or low morale within the West Wing.
Throughout the 895-day Ford presidency, Mr. Marsh, as counsel to the president, emerged with main authority over the reorganized White Home employees.
In 1976, he was assigned by President Ford to plot essentially the most sweeping reforms and reorganization of the nation’s intelligence providers since 1947. The modifications had been a serious accomplishment of the Ford administration, consolidating the administration, budgets and oversight of the federal government’s sprawling intelligence group and its covert operations. The reforms adopted revelations of widespread intelligence abuses in the course of the Nixon years, together with plots to focus on Americans for surveillance and even to assassinate overseas leaders.
After Reagan gained the Republican presidential nomination on the celebration’s conference in Detroit in 1980, he briefly thought of Ford as his working mate. Mr. Marsh joined Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger and two different Ford emissaries in late-night talks with Reagan aides to craft a “dream ticket.” However the Reagan camp rejected a deal that might have given Ford veto energy over some main presidential appointments and different constitutionally questionable powers.
“Mr. Ford’s representatives put forth circumstances that might have given Mr. Ford operational management of the manager department of presidency,” The New York Instances reported.
Ford withdrew his overtures for the vice presidency, and Reagan named the previous C.I.A. director George H. W. Bush as his working mate on what grew to become the profitable ticket. Quickly after his inauguration, Reagan named Mr. Marsh secretary of the Military.
Mr. Marsh remained in that publish by the Reagan years and nicely into the succeeding presidency of George Bush. He helped elevate Military budgets by 30 p.c and added greater than 14,000 girls to the ranks. However he hardly ever spoke on public points and was not an innovator of navy packages.
“Jack Marsh is a self-effacing and dependable man who feels very strongly in regards to the Military,” Gen. John A. Wickham Jr., the Military’s chief of employees from 1983 to 1987, instructed The Instances. “Being the No. 1 is a fairly lonely enterprise. There’s nobody to share your convictions with.”
After eight years, six months and 15 days as Military secretary, Mr. Marsh stepped down on Aug. 14, 1989. He had shattered a report set in an equal publish by Thomas Jefferson’s secretary of warfare, Henry Dearborn, who served from 1801 to 1809. Protection Secretary Dick Cheney awarded Mr. Marsh the Medal for Distinguished Public Service, the Protection Division’s highest civilian honor.
John Otho Marsh Jr. was born in Winchester, Va., on Aug. 7, 1926, the one baby of John and Nell (Wayland) Marsh. He attended public colleges in Harrisonburg, Va. After graduating from highschool in 1944, he enlisted within the wartime Military as a personal, however was accepted for Officers Candidate Faculty, commissioned as a second lieutenant at 19 and assigned to American occupation forces in Germany for 2 years.